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HC2 Holdings Reports Third Quarter 2018 Results

Re-Affirms 2018 Guidance for Construction and Marine Services Segments

NEW YORK, Nov. 07, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- HC2 Holdings, Inc. ("HC2" or the "Company") (NYSE: HCHC), a diversified holding company, announced today its consolidated results for the third quarter 2018, which ended on September 30, 2018.

"The third quarter was yet another very good quarter across the portfolio," said Philip Falcone, HC2's Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President. "Leading the way, DBM Global had solid quarterly performance, maintained its strong customer backlog and with the recently announced planned acquisition of GrayWolf Industrial, will diversify its revenues and service offering into heavy maintenance and repair in the petrochemical, pulp & paper, oil refinery and power markets. This acquisition is expected to be accretive to DBM's Adjusted EBITDA by just over $20 million annually, providing what we believe will be stable free cash flow. We also believe GrayWolf will help counter the cyclicality of the commercial construction market and allow DBM to offer a more complete value proposition to existing customers, while also cross-selling to GrayWolf's list of Blue-Chip customers."

Mr. Falcone continued, "Coming off one of their strongest quarters, Global Marine's results were in-line with our expectations and were driven by continued strong performance in the Huawei Marine Network ("HMN") equity investment. During the third quarter, Global Marine secured several offshore power contracts, including a new five-year cable repair framework agreement with a leading European offshore wind power developer and operator, and completed key oil and gas market projects in the North Sea. In addition, after many years of delivering value, the HMN shareholders implemented a long-term annual dividend policy that recognizes the business's success and its strong position in the market. Since our acquisition four years ago, the management team at Global Marine has repositioned and strengthened itself by securing and maintaining leadership positions in various key growth markets, including successfully renewing all three of its critical, long-term telecom maintenance agreements, representing approximately half of the world's contracted telecom maintenance zones. Additionally, they have made tremendous progress towards renewing their fleet of marine assets through strategic acquisitions and re-organized the business to pursue attractive growth opportunities, all while substantially reducing debt that was assumed at the time of acquisition. As such, we believe exploring strategic options now, including a possible sale of Global Marine, would position a potential buyer to strategically capitalize on the next phase of growth of the business, while allowing current investors an opportunity to realize the substantial value creation since the acquisition in 2014."

Mr. Falcone added, "During the third quarter, our insurance team completed its acquisition of Humana's long-term care insurance business. This was a pivotal event for our insurance subsidiary as it significantly increased the size of our insurance business as we now have $4.1 billion in cash and invested assets, it more than tripled our total adjusted insurance capital base from approximately $85 million to approximately $330 million, and will significantly increase the investment management fee to approximately $15 million a year. In addition, we continue to be optimistic with the long-term prospects for ANG and are very pleased with the solid improvements in the quarterly results for our Broadcasting business as they remain laser focused on strategically reducing costs and adding valuable content to our nation-wide over-the-air ("OTA") network, including the recently signed agreement with the Christian Broadcasting Network for their launch of The CBN News Channel, the first 24-hour Christian television news channel, which is being broadcast over our OTA network."

Third Quarter Financial Highlights

  • Net Revenue: For the third quarter of 2018, HC2 recorded consolidated total net revenue of $501.4 million, as compared to $406.4 million for the year-ago quarter, an increase of $94.9 million or 23.4%. For the first nine months of 2018, HC2 recorded consolidated total net revenue of $1,451.8 million, as compared to $1,175.6 million for the 2017 comparable period, an increase of $276.2 million or 23.5%. For both the three and nine month comparable periods, the increases were primarily driven by higher revenue from the Construction, Insurance and Telecommunications segments, as well as the inclusion of the new Broadcasting segment.
 
NET REVENUE by OPERATING SEGMENT
                         
(in thousands)   Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
    2018   2017   Increase / (Decrease)   2018   2017   Increase / (Decrease)
Construction   $ 195,358     $ 151,697     $ 43,661     $ 531,209     $ 403,325     $ 127,884  
Marine Services   44,825     42,817     2,008     149,923     123,382     26,541  
Energy   4,561     3,919     642     16,141     12,301     3,840  
Telecommunications   187,798     167,881     19,917     580,630     520,214     60,416  
Total Core Operating Subsidiaries   $ 432,542     $ 366,314     $ 66,228     $ 1,277,903     $ 1,059,222     $ 218,681  
Insurance   77,229     37,737     39,492     161,179     112,032     49,147  
Broadcasting   11,957         11,957     33,702         33,702  
Other   271     2,358     (2,087 )   3,680     4,375     (695 )
Eliminations (1)   (20,643 )       (20,643 )   (24,639 )       (24,639 )
Consolidated HC2   $ 501,356     $ 406,409     $ 94,947     $ 1,451,825     $ 1,175,629     $ 276,196  
                                                 

(1) The Insurance segment revenues are inclusive of mark-to-market adjustments in the amount of $20.6 million and $24.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 respectively, recorded on equity securities in accordance with ASU 2016-01. Such adjustments are either related to transactions between entities under common control which are eliminated or are reclassified to Other income (expenses), net in consolidation.

  • Net Income / (Loss): For the third quarter of 2018, HC2 reported Net Income attributable to common and participating preferred stockholders of $152.8 million or $2.97 per fully diluted share, as compared to a Net (Loss) of $(6.7) million or $(0.16) per fully diluted share for the third quarter 2017. For the first nine months of 2018, HC2 reported Net Income attributable to common and participating preferred stockholders of $171.7 million or $3.38 per fully diluted share, as compared to a Net (Loss) of $(40.5) million or $(0.95) per fully diluted share in the 2017 comparable period.

    A number of non-recurring transactions took place during the third quarter 2018, which contributed to the significant increase in net income in both the quarter and year-to-date results. Specifically, HC2's insurance subsidiary, Continental General Insurance Company ("Continental"), recognized a bargain purchase gain of $109.1 million during the third quarter related to the recent acquisition of Humana Inc.'s long-term care ("LTC") business, KMG America Corporation ("KMG") and, additionally, recognized a $17.7 million gain in the third quarter on the recapture of one of its reinsurance treaties. Further, a change in accounting methodology for the Company's equity investment in Inseego Corp. from equity method accounting to recording the investment at fair value, resulted in a recorded gain of $44.2 million in the quarter.

  • Adjusted EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA for "Core Operating Subsidiaries," which includes HC2's Construction, Marine Services, Energy and Telecommunications segments, was a combined $26.3 million for the third quarter of 2018, as compared to $27.3 million for the year-ago quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, Adjusted EBITDA for "Core Operating Subsidiaries" was $75.8 million, as compared to $73.0 million for the 2017 comparable period, driven by the Construction and Energy segments, partially offset by decreases in contribution from Marine Services and Telecommunications.

    For the third quarter of 2018, Total HC2 Adjusted EBITDA, which excludes the Insurance segment, was $13.7 million as compared to $9.8 million for the year-ago quarter. This was due primarily to decreased losses in the Life Sciences segment and reductions in recurring expenses at the Non-operating Corporate segment, partially offset by the Broadcasting segment. For the first nine months of 2018, Total HC2 Adjusted EBITDA was $29.4 million, as compared to $31.1 million for the 2017 comparable period, driven by the inclusion our Broadcasting segment, offset in part by net increases from our Core Operating Subsidiaries and our Life Sciences and Non-operating Corporate segments.
                                                           
ADJUSTED EBITDA by OPERATING SEGMENT
 
(in thousands) Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2018    2017   Increase / (Decrease)   2018   2017   Increase / (Decrease)
Construction $ 15,951     $ 16,788     $ (837 )   $ 41,453     $ 36,476     $ 4,977  
Marine Services 7,868     8,763     (895 )   25,824     28,758     (2,934 )
Energy 1,033     288     745     4,657     2,489     2,168  
Telecommunications 1,475     1,483     (8 )   3,858     5,324     (1,466 )
Total Core Operating Subsidiaries $ 26,327     $ 27,322     $ (995 )   $ 75,792     $ 73,047     $ 2,745  
Life Sciences (3,004 )   (8,155 )   5,151     (12,209 )   (17,141 )   4,932  
Broadcasting (2,416 )       (2,416 )   (13,684 )       (13,684 )
Other and Eliminations (1,006 )   (1,115 )   109     (2,180 )   (4,436 )   2,256  
Non-operating Corporate (6,229 )   (8,256 )   2,027     (18,285 )   (20,420 )   2,135  
Total HC2 Adjusted EBITDA $ 13,672     $ 9,796     $ 3,876     $ 29,434     $ 31,050     $ (1,616 )
                                               
  • Balance Sheet: As of September 30, 2018, HC2 had consolidated cash, cash equivalents and investments of $4.2 billion, which includes cash and investments associated with HC2's Insurance segment. Excluding the Insurance segment, consolidated cash was $82.5 million, of which $44.4 million was at the HC2 corporate level.

Third Quarter Segment Highlights

  • Construction - For the third quarter of 2018, DBM Global Inc. ("DBM") reported Net Income of $9.2 million, as compared to $7.1 million for the year-ago quarter. For the nine months of 2018, Net Income was $20.1 million, as compared to $14.5 million for the 2017 comparable period.

    Adjusted EBITDA was $16.0 million for the third quarter, as compared to $16.8 million for the year-ago quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, DBM Global's Adjusted EBITDA was $41.5 million, as compared to $36.5 million in the 2017 comparable period, primarily driven by the continued ramp-up of several large scale commercial projects including the new Los Angeles Rams / Chargers stadium, Loma Linda Hospital and Google Bayview.

    Backlog at the end of the third quarter was $615.4 million, as compared to $656.1 million for the year ago third quarter. Taking into consideration awarded, but not yet signed contracts, backlog would have been approximately $632 million.

  • Marine Services - For the third quarter of 2018, Global Marine Systems ("Global Marine") reported a Net (Loss) of $(0.5) million, as compared to Net Income of $0.8 million for the year-ago quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, Net Income was $4.1 million, as compared to $8.9 million for the 2017 comparable period.

    Adjusted EBITDA was $7.9 million for the third quarter, as compared to $8.8 million for the year-ago quarter, due primarily to continued strong performance at HMN, offset by higher than expected costs on a certain offshore power construction project and an increase in un-utilized vessel costs associated with recently acquired marine assets and timing of new project work as these assets are being deployed. For the first nine months of 2018, Global Marine's Adjusted EBITDA was $25.8 million, as compared to $28.8 million in the 2017 comparable period, due primarily to an increase in un-utilized vessel costs associated with recently acquired marine assets and higher than expected costs on a certain offshore power construction project, partially offset by improved profit margins on certain telecom and offshore power installation projects.

    During the third quarter, the shareholders of HMN implemented a long-term annual dividend policy. As a result, Global Marine received an approximate $10 million special cash dividend in the third quarter and will receive additional special dividends of approximately $4.9 million in the fourth quarter 2018 and $4.9 million in the second quarter 2019. Going forward, HMN agreed to annually distribute a minimum of 30% of cumulative distributable net profits as dividends.

    As announced on October 22, 2018, HC2 is exploring strategic alternatives for its Global Marine subsidiary, including a potential sale. As part of this process, Deutsche Bank Securities Inc. and ABN AMRO Bank N.V. have been engaged as joint advisors. HC2 intends to use the net proceeds from a potential sale to reduce its overall debt. There can be no assurance that the exploration of any strategic alternative, including a potential sale, will result in a consummated transaction or other alternative. Neither HC2 nor Global Marine has set a timetable for completion of the process, and neither intends to comment further regarding the process unless a specific transaction or other alternative is approved by their respective Boards of Directors, the process is concluded or it is otherwise determined that further disclosure is appropriate or required by law.

  • Energy - For the third quarter of 2018, American Natural Gas ("ANG") reported a Net Loss of $(0.6) million, as compared to $(0.9) million for the year-ago quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, Net Loss was $(0.6) million, as compared to $(2.0) million for the 2017 comparable period.

    Adjusted EBITDA was $1.0 million for the third quarter, as compared to $0.3 million for the year-ago quarter, primarily driven by additional income recognized from renewable tax credits related to the sale of renewable natural gas, as well as from overall growth in compressed natural gas ("CNG") sales across the network. For the first nine months of 2018, ANG's Adjusted EBITDA was $4.7 million, as compared to $2.5 million in the 2017 comparable period, primarily driven by the receipt of a $2.6 million alternative fuel energy tax credit in the second quarter 2018, which was retroactively approved by Congress and applicable to 2017 CNG sales.

  • Telecommunications - For the third quarter of 2018, PTGi-ICS reported Net Income of $1.3 million, as compared to $1.3 million for the year-ago quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, Net Income was $3.4 million, as compared to $4.9 million for the 2017 comparable period.

    Adjusted EBITDA was $1.5 million for the third quarter, as compared to $1.5 million for the year-ago quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, PTGi-ICS's Adjusted EBITDA was $3.9 million, as compared to $5.3 million in the 2017 comparable period, due primarily to fluctuations in the mix of wholesale voice traffic and termination rates.

  • Insurance - During the third quarter of 2018, the company completed the acquisition of Humana Inc.'s LTC insurance business, KMG. The transaction was immediately accretive to Continental's risk-based and statutory capital. As of September 30, 2018, Continental had cash and invested assets of $4.1 billion, up from $1.5 billion prior to the transaction, $5.5 billion in total GAAP assets, and had approximately $330 million of total adjusted insurance capital base.
                                             
INSURANCE SEGMENT ADJUSED OPERATING INCOME ("INSURANCE AOI") AND
PRE-TAX ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME ("PRE-TAX INSURANCE AOI")

    Three Months Ended September 30,
  Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands)   2018   2017   Increase / (Decrease)   2018   2017   Increase / (Decrease)
Insurance AOI   $ (4,601 )   $ 3,726   $ (8,327 )   $ (8,668 )   $ 5,353   $ (14,021 )
Pre-tax Insurance AOI   $ (11,342 )   $ 16,989   $ (28,331 )   $ (8,668 )   $ 20,589   $ (29,257 )
                         

(1) The Insurance segment revenues are inclusive of mark-to-market adjustments recorded on equity securities in accordance with ASU 2016-01. Certain of these adjustments related to consolidated subsidiaries are eliminated and others are reclassified to Other income (expenses), net in consolidation.

For the third quarter of 2018, inclusive of the acquisition of Humana Inc.'s LTC insurance business, the Insurance segment reported Net Income of $141.1 million, as compared to $4.3 million for the year-ago quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, Net Income was $142.9 million, as compared to $3.7 million for the 2017 comparable period. During the quarter, the company recognized a bargain purchase gain of $109.1 million and recognized a $17.7 million gain on the recapture of one of its reinsurance treaties, as noted above.

Pre-tax Insurance AOI was a (Loss) of $(11.3) million for the third quarter of 2018, as compared to Income of $17.0 million for the year-ago quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, Pretax Insurance AOI was a (Loss) of $(8.7) million, as compared to Income of $20.6 million for the 2017 comparable period. Both the quarter and year-to-date Pre-Tax AOI were driven by the addition of Humana's long-term case business, which saw a higher proportion of new claims, as well as additional claim incidences from the CGI block, partially offset by increases in net investment income, both due to the additional assets acquired in the Humana block, as well as additional reinvestment into higher yielding assets.

  • Pansend Life Sciences - As announced on October 22, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Device designation to Medibeacon, Inc. for the company's Transdermal GFR Measurement System (TFGR). The device is intended to measure Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in patients with impaired or normal renal function.(1) The ability to measure GFR is of high clinical interest, especially in patients with or at risk of kidney disease. Under the Breakthrough Devices program, a provision of the 21st Century Cures Act, the FDA works with companies to expedite regulatory review in order to give patients more timely access to diagnostic and therapeutic technologies. According to the FDA, a Breakthrough Device like the TGFR is a product that has the potential to be more effective at diagnosing a life-threatening or irreversibly debilitating disease or condition compared to the current standard of care.(2)

  • Broadcasting - For the third quarter of 2018, the recently created Broadcasting segment reported a Net (Loss) of $(4.7) million and an Adjusted EBITDA loss of $(2.4) million, a $3.8 million sequential improvement in Adjusted EBITDA compared to the prior quarter. For the first nine months of 2018, the Broadcasting segment reported a Net (Loss) of $(29.2) million and an Adjusted EBITDA loss of $(13.7) million. There were no results for the Broadcasting segment in the comparable 2017 periods as the first Over the Air ("OTA") broadcasting assets were acquired in the fourth quarter of 2017.

    As the result of a series of current and pending transactions, HC2's Broadcasting subsidiary has approximately 164 operational stations, including 14 full-power stations, 52 Class A stations and 98 LPTV stations. In addition, Broadcasting has an additional ~400 silent licenses and construction permits. The total Broadcasting footprint currently covers approximately 60 percent of the U.S. population, in over 130 U.S. markets, including 9 of the top 10 markets across the United States.

    During the third quarter, HC2 Broadcasting Holdings, Inc. and two subsidiaries, HC2 Station Group, Inc. and HC2 LPTV Holdings, Inc., obtained a combined $38 million of debt and equity financing from certain institutional investors. The financing included a $35 million one-year secured note issued by HC2 Station Group, Inc. and HC2 LPTV Holdings, Inc., bearing interest at a rate of 8.5% per annum, payable at maturity and secured by certain of HC2 Station Group, Inc. and HC2 LPTV Holdings, Inc.'s assets. In addition, the institutional investors purchased 2.0% of the outstanding common stock of HC2 Broadcasting Holdings, Inc. for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $3.1 million at a pre-money equity valuation of approximately $150 million. HC2 Broadcasting Holdings, Inc. also issued a warrant to the institutional investors to purchase an additional 2.0% of the common stock of HC2 Broadcasting Holdings, Inc. outstanding immediately after consummation of the Equity Purchase for what would be an aggregate purchase price of approximately $3.7 million if exercised as of the issuance date, and as may be adjusted at any future exercise of the Warrant pursuant to its terms. The Warrant has a five-year term and is immediately exercisable. The net proceeds from the financing are being used for pending and future broadcasting acquisitions, distributions to HC2 and working capital purposes at those broadcasting subsidiaries.

Reaffirms 2018 Guidance for Construction and Marine Services Segments

Earlier this year, in order to provide additional visibility into the Company's two largest Adjusted EBITDA segment contributors, Construction and Marine Services, the Company initiated a guidance range reflecting its current expectations for full year 2018 Adjusted EBITDA. While the complex nature of certain large-scale DBM Global and Global Marine projects could cause quarterly variability in their financial results, the Company continues to expect the following for the full year 2018:

  • Construction: $60 million and $65 million of Adjusted EBITDA
  • Marine Services: $45 million and $50 million of Adjusted EBITDA

The Company has provided 2018 guidance with regard to the non-GAAP measures of Adjusted EBITDA. These measures exclude from the corresponding GAAP financial measures the effect of special items as described below under "Non-GAAP Financial Measures." The Company has not provided a reconciliation of such non-GAAP guidance to the most directly comparable GAAP measure because it cannot predict and quantify with a reasonable degree of confidence all of the special items that may occur during 2018.

HC2 does not guarantee future results of any kind. The Company's guidance is based on numerous assumptions about future events and conditions and, therefore, could vary materially from actual results, and is subject to risks and uncertainties, including, without limitation, those factors outlined in the "Forward Looking Statements" of this release and the "Risk Factors" section of the Company's annual and quarterly reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").

Conference Call

HC2 Holdings, Inc. will host a live conference call to discuss its third quarter 2018 financial results and operations today, Wednesday, November 7, 2018, at 5:00 p.m. ET. The Company will post an earnings supplemental presentation in the Investor Relations section of the HC2 Website, www.hc2.com, to accompany the conference call.

Dial-in instructions for the conference call and the replay are as follows:

Live Call

Domestic Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-866-395-3893

International Dial-In: 1-678-509-7540

Participant Entry Number: 1949939

Alternatively, a live webcast of the conference call can be accessed by interested parties through the Investor Relations section of the HC2 Website, www.hc2.com.

Conference Replay*

Domestic Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-855-859-2056

International Dial-In: 1-404-537-3406

Conference Number: 1949939

*Available approximately two hours after the end of the conference call through December 7, 2018.

About HC2

HC2 Holdings, Inc. is a publicly traded (NYSE:HCHC) diversified holding company, which seeks opportunities to acquire and grow businesses that can generate long-term sustainable free cash flow and attractive returns in order to maximize value for all stakeholders. HC2 has a diverse array of operating subsidiaries across eight reportable segments, including Construction, Marine Services, Energy, Telecommunications, Life Sciences, Broadcasting, Insurance and Other. HC2's largest operating subsidiaries include DBM Global Inc., a family of companies providing fully integrated structural and steel construction services, and Global Marine Systems Limited, a leading provider of engineering and underwater services on submarine cables. Founded in 1994, HC2 is headquartered in New York, New York. Learn more about HC2 and its portfolio companies at www.hc2.com.

For information on HC2 Holdings, Inc., please contact Andrew G. Backman - Managing Director - Investor Relations & Public Relations - abackman@hc2.com - 212-339-5836

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In this press release, HC2 refers to certain financial measures that are not presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"), including Core Operating Subsidiary Adjusted EBITDA, Total Adjusted EBITDA (excluding the Insurance segment), Adjusted EBITDA for its operating segments, Adjusted Operating Income for the Insurance segment and Pre-Tax Adjusted Operating Income for the Insurance segment.

Adjusted EBITDA

Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA measures provide investors with meaningful information for gaining an understanding of the Company's results as it is frequently used by the financial community to provide insight into an organization's operating trends and facilitates comparisons between peer companies, because interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and the other items for which adjustments are made as noted in the definition of Adjusted EBITDA below can differ greatly between organizations as a result of differing capital structures and tax strategies. In addition, management uses Adjusted EBITDA measures in evaluating certain of the Company's segments' performance because they eliminate the effects of considerable amounts of non-cash depreciation and amortization and items not within the control of the Company's operations managers. While management believes that these non-GAAP measurements are useful as supplemental information, such adjusted results are not intended to replace our GAAP financial results and should be read together with HC2's results reported under GAAP.

Management defines Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss), excluding the Insurance segment, adjusted to exclude the impact of depreciation and amortization; amortization of equity method fair value adjustments at acquisition; (gain) loss on sale or disposal of assets; lease termination costs; asset impairment expense; interest expense; net gain (loss) on contingent consideration; loss on early extinguishment or restructuring of debt; gain (loss) on sale of subsidiaries; other (income) expense, net; foreign currency transaction (gain) loss included in cost of revenue; income tax (benefit) expense; (gain) loss from discontinued operations; noncontrolling interest; bonus to be settled in equity; share-based compensation expense; non-recurring items; and acquisition and disposition costs. Total Adjusted EBITDA excludes the results of operations and any consolidating eliminations of our Insurance segment. A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income (Loss) is included in the financial tables at the end of this release.

Management recognizes that using Adjusted EBITDA as a performance measure has inherent limitations as an analytical tool as compared to net income (loss) or other GAAP financial measures, as these non-GAAP measures exclude certain items, including items that are recurring in nature, which may be meaningful to investors.

As a result of the exclusions, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation and do not purport to be alternatives to net income (loss) or other GAAP financial measures or a measure of our operating performance.

Adjusted Operating Income - Insurance

Adjusted Operating Income ("Insurance AOI") and Pre-tax Adjusted Operating Income ("Pre-tax Insurance AOI") for the Insurance segment are non-U.S. GAAP financial measures frequently used throughout the insurance industry and are economic measures the Insurance segment uses to evaluate its financial performance. Management believes that Insurance AOI and Pretax Insurance AOI measures provide investors with meaningful information for gaining an understanding of certain results and provide insight into an organization's operating trends and facilitates comparisons between peer companies. However, Insurance AOI and Pre-tax Insurance AOI have certain limitations, and we may not calculate it the same as other companies in our industry. It should, therefore, be read together with the Company's results calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Similarly to Adjusted EBITDA, using Insurance AOI and Pre-tax Insurance AOI as performance measures have inherent limitations as an analytical tool as compared to income (loss) from operations or other U.S. GAAP financial measures, as these non-U.S. GAAP measures excludes certain items, including items that are recurring in nature, which may be meaningful to investors. As a result of the exclusions, Insurance AOI and Pre-tax Insurance AOI should not be considered in isolation and do not purport to be an alternative to income (loss) from operations or other U.S. GAAP financial measures as a measure of our operating performance.

Management defines Insurance AOI as Net income (loss) for the Insurance segment adjusted to exclude the impact of net investment gains (losses), including OTTI losses recognized in operations; asset impairment; intercompany elimination; bargain purchase gains; reinsurance gains; and acquisition costs. Management defines Pre-tax Insurance AOI as Insurance AOI adjusted to exclude the impact of income tax (benefit) expense recognized during the current period. Management believes that Insurance AOI and Pre-tax Insurance AOI provide meaningful financial metrics that help investors understand certain results and profitability. While these adjustments are an integral part of the overall performance of the Insurance segment, market conditions impacting these items can overshadow the underlying performance of the business. Accordingly, we believe using a measure which excludes their impact is effective in analyzing the trends of our operations.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: This press release contains, and certain oral statements made by our representatives from time to time may contain, forward-looking statements. Generally, forward-looking statements include information describing actions, events, results, strategies and expectations and are generally identifiable by use of the words "believes," "expects," "intends," "anticipates," "plans," "seeks," "estimates," "projects," "may," "will," "could," "might," or "continues" or similar expressions. The forward-looking statements in this press release include, without limitation, our 2018 guidance for the Construction and Marine Services segments and statements regarding our expectations regarding building shareholder value and future cash flow and invested assets. Such statements are based on the beliefs and assumptions of HC2's management and the management of HC2's subsidiaries and portfolio companies. The Company believes these judgments are reasonable, but you should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results, and the Company's actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements due to a variety of important factors, both positive and negative, that may be revised or supplemented in subsequent statements and reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), including in our reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K. Such important factors include, without limitation, issues related to the restatement of our financial statements; the fact that we have historically identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, and any inability to remediate future material weaknesses; capital market conditions; the ability of HC2's subsidiaries and portfolio companies to generate sufficient net income and cash flows to make upstream cash distributions; volatility in the trading price of HC2 common stock; the ability of HC2 and its subsidiaries and portfolio companies to identify any suitable future acquisition or disposition opportunities; our ability to realize efficiencies, cost savings, income and margin improvements, growth, economies of scale and other anticipated benefits of strategic transactions; difficulties related to the integration of financial reporting of acquired or target businesses; difficulties completing pending and future acquisitions and dispositions; effects of litigation, indemnification claims, and other contingent liabilities; changes in regulations and tax laws; and risks that may affect the performance of the operating subsidiaries and portfolio companies of HC2. Although HC2 believes its expectations and assumptions regarding its future operating performance are reasonable, there can be no assurance that the expectations reflected herein will be achieved. These risks and other important factors discussed under the caption "Risk Factors" in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC, and our other reports filed with the SEC could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements made in this press release.

You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements attributable to HC2 or persons acting on its behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements. All such statements speak only as of the date made, and unless legally required, HC2 undertakes no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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(1) Data on file. Medibeacon, Inc., St. Louis, MO.
(2) U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
https://www.fda.gov/downloads/MedicalDevices/DeviceRegulationandGuidance/GuidanceDocuments/UCM581664.pdf

                         
 HC2 HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
                         
    Three Months Ended September 30,
  Nine Months Ended September 30, 
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Revenue   $444,770     $368,672     $1,315,285     $1,063,597  
Life, accident and health earned premiums, net   25,372     20,472     65,317     60,648  
Net investment income   31,710     16,287     68,776     48,530  
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) on investments   (496 )   978     2,447     2,854  
Net revenue   501,356     406,409     1,451,825     1,175,629  
Operating expenses                
Cost of revenue   402,922     324,673     1,179,205     947,751  
Policy benefits, changes in reserves, and commissions   66,450     17,393     134,124     79,323  
Selling, general and administrative   50,899     45,356     160,042     126,919  
Depreciation and amortization   6,256     7,896     24,969     22,588  
Other operating (income) expense, net   (819 )   526     (2,886 )   (1,294 )
Total operating expenses   525,708     395,844     1,495,454     1,175,287  
(Loss) income from operations   (24,352 )   10,565     (43,629 )   342  
Interest expense   (17,456 )   (13,222 )   (53,962 )   (39,410 )
Gain on sale and deconsolidation of subsidiary   2,965         105,106      
Gain on contingent consideration       6,320         6,001  
Income from equity investees   8,134     971     13,655     12,667  
Gain on bargain purchase   109,112         109,112      
Other income (expenses), net   63,908     (97 )   64,032     (8,112 )
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes   142,311     4,537     194,314     (28,512 )
Income tax benefit (expense)   9,230     (12,861 )   (1,863 )   (16,167 )
Net income (loss)   151,541     (8,324 )   192,451     (44,679 )
Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest and redeemable noncontrolling interest   1,925     2,357     (18,615 )   6,305  
Net income (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc.   153,466     (5,967 )   173,836     (38,374 )
Less: Preferred stock and deemed dividends from conversions   703     703     2,109     2,079  
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock and participating preferred stockholders   $ 152,763     $ (6,670 )   $ 171,727     $ (40,453 )
                 
Income (loss) per common share                
Basic   $ 3.09     $ (0.16 )   $ 3.48     $ (0.95 )
Diluted   $ 2.97     $ (0.16 )   $ 3.38     $ (0.95 )
                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:                
Basic   44,326     43,013     44,175     42,555  
Diluted   46,217     43,013     45,575     42,555  
                         


         
HC2 HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)
         
Assets   September 30, 2018   December 31, 2017
Investments:        
Fixed maturity securities, available-for-sale at fair value   $ 2,985,443     $ 1,340,626  
Equity securities   217,153     47,500  
Mortgage loans   87,308     52,109  
Policy loans   20,324     17,944  
Other invested assets   70,965     85,419  
Total investments   3,381,193     1,543,598  
Cash and cash equivalents   831,634     97,885  
Accounts receivable, net   350,864     322,446  
Recoverable from reinsurers   1,305,038     526,337  
Deferred tax asset   1,028     1,661  
Property, plant and equipment, net   369,771     374,660  
Goodwill   127,051     131,741  
Intangibles, net   151,051     117,105  
Other assets   212,367     102,258  
Total assets   $ 6,729,997     $ 3,217,691  
         
Liabilities, temporary equity and stockholders' equity        
Life, accident and health reserves   $ 4,707,400     $ 1,693,961  
Annuity reserves   247,544     243,156  
Value of business acquired   249,979     42,969  
Accounts payable and other current liabilities   353,216     347,492  
Deferred tax liability   33,876     10,740  
Debt obligations   702,220     593,172  
Other liabilities   108,076     70,174  
Total liabilities   6,402,311     3,001,664  
Commitments and contingencies        
Temporary equity        
Preferred stock   26,340     26,296  
Redeemable noncontrolling interest   8,839     1,609  
Total temporary equity   35,179     27,905  
Stockholders' equity        
Common stock, $.001 par value   45     44  
Shares authorized: 80,000,000 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017;        
Shares issued: 45,188,169 and 44,570,004 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017;        
Shares outstanding: 44,743,273 and 44,190,826 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively        
Additional paid-in capital   263,887     254,685  
Treasury stock, at cost: 444,896 and 379,178 shares at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively   (2,434 )   (2,057 )
Accumulated deficit   (43,682 )   (221,189 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   (33,253 )   41,688  
Total HC2 Holdings, Inc. stockholders' equity   184,563     73,171  
Noncontrolling interest   107,944     114,951  
Total stockholders' equity   292,507     188,122  
Total liabilities, temporary equity and stockholders' equity   $ 6,729,997     $ 3,217,691  
                 


                                                                         
 HC2 HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME (LOSS) TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
    Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
    Core Operating Subsidiaries   Early Stage & Other            
     Construction    Marine   Energy   Telecom   Life Sciences   Broadcasting    Other & Elimination    Non-operating Corporate   Total HC2
Net Income attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc.                                   $ 153,466  
Less: Net Income attributable to HC2 Holdings Insurance segment                                   141,068  
Less: Consolidating eliminations attributable to HC2 Holdings Insurance segment                                   23,072  
Net Income (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc., excluding Insurance Segment   $ 9,203     $ (515 )   $ (562 )   $ 1,302     $ (2,636 )   $ (4,686 )   $ 4,487     $ (17,267 )   $ (10,674 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA:                                    
Depreciation and amortization   1,851     6,853     1,389     89     35     827     11     21     11,076  
Depreciation and amortization (included in cost of revenue)   1,792                                 1,792  
Amortization of equity method fair value adjustment at acquisition       (371 )                           (371 )
Gain on sale or disposal of assets   (681 )   (118 )               (20 )           (819 )
Interest expense   594     1,221     408             534         14,588     17,345  
Other (income) expense, net   (1,938 )   (263 )   58     (21 )   (14 )   361     (3,606 )   1,569     (3,854 )
Gain on sale and deconsolidation of subsidiary                   22         (1,540 )       (1,518 )
Foreign currency loss (included in cost of revenue)       156                             156  
Income tax (benefit) expense   3,842     147     7                     (6,483 )   (2,487 )
Noncontrolling interest   750     27     (268 )       (463 )   (1,538 )   (433 )       (1,925 )
Bonus to be settled in equity                               165     165  
Share-based payment expense       492     1         52     1,657     75     1,032     3,309  
Non-recurring costs                                    
Acquisition and disposition costs   538     239         105         449         146     1,477  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 15,951     $ 7,868     $ 1,033     $ 1,475     $ (3,004 )   $ (2,416 )   $ (1,006 )   $ (6,229 )   $ 13,672  
                                     
Total Core Operating Subsidiaries   $ 26,327                                  
   


                                                                         
HC2 HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME (LOSS) TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
     
     Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
     Core Operating Subsidiaries   Early Stage & Other                 
    Construction   Marine   Energy   Telecom   Life Sciences   Broadcasting   Other & Elimination   Non-operating Corporate   Total HC2
Net (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc.                                   $ (5,967 )
Less: Net Income attributable to HC2 Holdings Insurance segment                                   4,280  
Net Income (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc., excluding Insurance segment   $ 7,082     $ 844     $ (939 )   $ 1,348     $ (6,760 )   $     $ (600 )   $ (11,222 )   $ (10,247 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA:                                    
Depreciation and amortization   1,314     6,221     1,247     94     50         272     17     9,215  
Depreciation and amortization (included in cost of revenue)   1,293                                 1,293  
Amortization of equity method fair value adjustment at acquisition       (573 )                           (573 )
(Gain) loss on sale or disposal of assets   486         25                         511  
Lease termination costs               15                     15  
Interest expense   238     1,021     262     14             1     11,686     13,222  
Gain on contingent consideration                               (6,320 )   (6,320 )
Other (income) expense, net   (165 )   888     277     12     (10 )       (118 )   (718 )   166  
Foreign currency (gain) (included in cost of revenue)       (238 )                           (238 )
Income tax (benefit) expense   4,481     (137 )                       (4,746 )   (402 )
Noncontrolling interest   558     43     (763 )       (1,506 )       (689 )       (2,357 )
Bonus to be settled in equity                               765     765  
Share-based payment expense       394     179         71         19     718     1,381  
Non-recurring items                                    
Acquisition and disposition costs   1,501     300                         1,564     3,365  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 16,788     $ 8,763     $ 288     $ 1,483     $ (8,155 )   $     $ (1,115 )   $ (8,256 )   $ 9,796  
                                     
Total Core Operating Subsidiaries   $ 27,322                                  
                                     


                                                                         
 HC2 HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME (LOSS) TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
     
    Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
    Core Operating Subsidiaries   Early Stage & Other            
    Construction   Marine   Energy   Telecom   Life Sciences   Broadcasting   Other & Elimination   Non-operating Corporate   Total HC2
Net Income (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc.                                   $ 173,836  
Less: Net Income (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings Insurance segment                                   142,878  
Less: Consolidating eliminations attributable to HC2 Holdings Insurance segment                                   19,076  
Net Income (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc., excluding Insurance segment   $ 20,067     $ 4,096     $ (581 )   $ 3,395     $ 67,552     $ (29,238 )   $ 3,779     $ (57,188 )   $ 11,882  
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA:                                    
Depreciation and amortization   5,043     20,110     4,092     262     146     2,275     53     62     32,043  
Depreciation and amortization (included in cost of revenue)   5,071                                 5,071  
Amortization of equity method fair value adjustment at acquisition       (1,112 )                           (1,112 )
Asset impairment expense           277             104             381  
Gain on sale or disposal of assets   (253 )   (2,779 )   (223 )           (12 )           (3,267 )
Interest expense   1,462     3,712     1,154             7,763     2     39,758     53,851  
Loss on early extinguishment of debt                       2,537             2,537  
Net loss on contingent consideration                                    
Other (income) expense, net   (1,915 )   (1,296 )   190     19     70     379     (3,433 )   1,073     (4,913 )
Gain on sale and deconsolidation of subsidiary                   (102,119 )       (1,540 )       (103,659 )
Foreign currency (gain) loss (included in cost of revenue)       (366 )                           (366 )
Income tax (benefit) expense   8,992     149     20         1     14     (272 )   (7,039 )   1,865  
Noncontrolling interest   1,633     1,693     (277 )       19,469     (2,848 )   (1,055 )       18,615  
Bonus to be settled in equity                               515     515  
Share-based payment expense       1,378     5         144     2,319     286     3,970     8,102  
Non-recurring costs                                    
Acquisition and disposition costs   1,353     239         182     2,528     3,023         564     7,889  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 41,453     $ 25,824     $ 4,657     $ 3,858     $ (12,209 )   $ (13,684 )   $ (2,180 )   $ (18,285 )   $ 29,434  
                                     
Total Core Operating Subsidiaries   $ 75,792                                  
                                         


                                                                         
 HC2 HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME (LOSS) TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
     
    Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
    Core Operating Subsidiaries   Early Stage & Other        
    Construction   Marine   Energy   Telecom   Life Sciences   Broadcasting   Other & Elimination   Non-operating Corporate   Total HC2
Net (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc.                                   $ (38,374 )
Less: Net Income attributable to HC2 Holdings Insurance segment                                   3,683  
Net Income (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc., excluding Insurance Segment   $ 14,464     $ 8,943     $ (2,001 )   $ 4,910     $ (14,276 )   $     $ (9,787 )   $ (44,310 )   $ (42,057 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA:                                    
Depreciation and amortization   4,194     16,561     3,876     285     129         933     50     26,028  
Depreciation and amortization (included in cost of revenue)   3,835                                 3,835  
Amortization of equity method fair value adjustment at acquisition       (1,223 )                           (1,223 )
Asset impairment expense                           1,810         1,810  
(Gain) loss on sale or disposal of assets   93     (3,500 )   39                         (3,368 )
Lease termination costs       249         15                     264  
Interest expense   619     3,363     552     37             2,408     32,431     39,410  
Gain on contingent consideration                               (6,001 )   (6,001 )
Other (income) expense, net   (158 )   2,443     1,652     77     (25 )       2,800     (460 )   6,329  
Foreign currency (gain) loss (included in cost of revenue)       (131 )                           (131 )
Income tax (benefit) expense   9,792     239     12                     (9,112 )   931  
Noncontrolling interest   1,190     381     (2,002 )       (3,208 )       (2,666 )       (6,305 )
Bonus to be settled in equity                               1,350     1,350  
Share-based payment expense       1,133     361         239         66     2,207     4,006  
Non-recurring items                                    
Acquisition and disposition costs   2,447     300                         3,425     6,172  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 36,476     $ 28,758     $ 2,489     $ 5,324     $ (17,141 )   $     $ (4,436 )   $ (20,420 )   $ 31,050  
                                     
Total Core Operating Subsidiaries   $ 73,047                                  
   


                             
HC2 HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME (LOSS) TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
                             
    For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
                 
    Core Operating Subsidiaries   Early Stage & Other        
    Construction   Marine Services   Energy   Telecom   Life Sciences   Broadcasting   Other and Eliminations   Non-operating Corporate   Total HC2
Net Income attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc.                                   $ 55,366  
Less: Net Income attributable to HC2 Holdings Insurance segment                                   565  
Less: Consolidating eliminations attributable to HC2 Holdings Insurance segment                                   (2,009 )
Net Income (loss) attributable to HC2 Holdings, Inc., excluding Insurance Segment   $ 7,397     $ 10,864     $ 679     $ 1,040     $ 74,124     $ (11,816 )   $ (552 )   $ (24,926 )   56,810  
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA:                                    
Depreciation and amortization   1,665     6,429     1,359     87     53     743     21     20     10,377  
Depreciation and amortization (included in cost of revenue)   1,686                                 1,686  
Amortization of equity method fair value adjustment at acquisition       (370 )                           (370 )
Asset impairment expense           277             104             381  
(Gain) loss on sale or disposal of assets   13     (25 )   (192 )           8             (196 )
Interest expense   458     1,328     426             1,523         13,446     17,181  
Loss on early extinguishment or restructuring of debt                       2,537             2,537  
Gain on sale of subsidiary                   (102,141 )               (102,141 )
Other (income) expense, net   (66 )   (1,981 )   66     99     56     93     121     226     (1,386 )
Foreign currency (gain) loss (included in cost of revenue)       (420 )                           (420 )
Income tax (benefit) expense   3,318     68     13         1     14     (272 )   2,759     5,901  
Noncontrolling interest   601     4,030     324         20,679     (700 )   (536 )       24,398  
Bonus to be settled in equity                               175     175  
Share-based payment expense       476     2         18     349     200     2,660     3,705  
Acquisition and disposition costs   456             49     2,355     928         240     4,028  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 15,528     $ 20,399     $ 2,954     $ 1,275     $ (4,855 )   $ (6,217 )   $ (1,018 )   $ (5,400 )   $ 22,666  
                                     
Total Core Operating Subsidiaries   $ 40,156                                  
                                         


                                     
HC2 HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME (LOSS) TO ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME ("INSURANCE AOI")
AND PRE-TAX OPERATING INCOME ("PRE-TAX INSURANCE AOI")
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
                                     
The table below shows the adjustments made to the reported Net income (loss) of the Insurance segment to calculate Insurance AOI and Pre-Tax Insurance AOI for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively:
                                     
    Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
    2018     2017     Increase / (Decrease)     2018     2017     Increase / (Decrease)  
Net income (loss) - Insurance segment   141,068     4,282     136,786     142,878     3,685     139,193  
Effect of investment (gains) (1)   (20,147 )   (978 )   (19,169 )   (27,086 )   (2,854 )   (24,232 )
Asset impairment expense                   3,364     (3,364 )
Bargain Purchase Gain   (109,112 )       (109,112 )   (109,112 )       (109,112 )
Reinsurance Gain   (17,715 )       (17,715 )   (17,715 )       (17,715 )
Acquisition costs   1,305     422     883     2,367     1,158     1,209  
Insurance AOI   $ (4,601 )   $ 3,726     $ (8,327 )   $ (8,668 )   $ 5,353     $ (14,021 )
Tax expense   (6,741 )   13,263     (20,004 )       15,236     (15,236 )
Pre-tax Insurance AOI   $ (11,342 )   $ 16,989     $ (28,331 )   $ (8,668 )   $ 20,589     $ (29,257 )
                                                 

(1) The Insurance segment revenues are inclusive of mark-to-market adjustments recorded on equity securities in accordance with ASU 2016-01. Certain of these adjustments related to consolidated subsidiaries are eliminated and others are reclassified to Other income (expenses), net in consolidation.

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HC2 Holdings, Inc.